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Study reveals top reasons for COVID-19 vaccine refusal

A survey of approximately 5,000 Americans suggests that 31.1 percent of the U.S. public does not intend to get the COVID-19 vaccine once it becomes available to them – and the likelihood of vaccine refusal is highest among Black Americans, women and conservatives.

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Danes are not as good as Chinese at discerning bitter tastes, studies show

Two studies from the University of Copenhagen show that Danes aren’t quite as good as Chinese at discerning bitter tastes. The research suggests that this is related to anatomical differences upon the tongues of Danish and Chinese people.

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Few organisms in the gut microbiome found to play a key role in type 2 diabetes

Researchers at Oregon State University have found that a few organisms in the gut microbiome play a key role in type 2 diabetes, opening the door to possible probiotic treatments for a serious metabolic disease affecting roughly one in 10 Americans.

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Older adults, minorities and people with lower incomes face inequities in telemedicine use

After “COVID-19,” the term that most people will remember best from 2020 is likely to be “social distancing.” While it most commonly applied to social gatherings with family and friends, it has impacted the way many receive medical care.

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Protein employs twist‐and‐squeeze mechanism to expel chemotherapeutics from cancer cells

In 1986, cellular biochemist Kazumitsu Ueda, currently at Kyoto University’s Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences, discovered that a protein called ABCB1 could transport multiple chemotherapeutics out of some cancer cells, making them resistant to treatment. How it did this has remained a mystery for the past 35 years.

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Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2020-2025: Include grains as a healthy eating pattern at any life stage

The Grain Chain, a farm to fork coalition of stakeholders in the grain industry sector and chaired by the American Bakers Association, celebrates the recommendation published today in the 2020-2025 Dietary Guidelines for Americans to “consume half of your grains from whole grain sources” and the remainder from enriched grains.

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New UCLA-developed device transfers mitochondria into 100,000 or more recipient cells

Scientists from the UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center have developed a simple, high-throughput method for transferring isolated mitochondria and their associated mitochondrial DNA into mammalian cells.

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New studies uncover link between vaping and mental fog

Two new studies from the University of Rochester Medical Center have uncovered an association between vaping and mental fog. Both adults and kids who vape were more likely to report difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions than their non-vaping, non-smoking peers.

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