October 1, 2020

Science File

Healthy life is yours


Introduction: Like other aspects of health care, dental products containing fluoride have been around for so long that they are seldom questioned by health professionals. topics, including dental implants, cosmetic dentistry, and general dental health. Several studies have indicated satisfactory short- and long-term outcomes following the nonoperative management of isolated displaced olecranon fractures in elderly patients. 1 These findings challenge the need for open reduction with internal fixation given the equivalence of functional outcomes between nonoperative and operative management without the risk of surgical complications associated with the latter. Duckworth et al 2 conducted a randomized clinical trial (RCT) attempting to provide further evidence by comparing operative treatment vs nonoperative treatment for displaced olecranon fractures in the elderly population. The authors reported its premature termination because of an unacceptably high complication rate within the operative cohort (81.8%). 2 Nevertheless, open reduction with internal fixation continues to be the most frequently used intervention in treating displaced olecranon fractures in elderly individuals. Another ongoing RCT is currently testing for the superiority of operative vs nonoperative treatment for displaced olecranon fractures in elderly individuals by comparing pain and function in the affected limb up to 1 year after the injury. 3 Altogether, the challenge regarding how to guide surgical indication and the application of EBS remains. Duration of this program is 4 years. 1 year is meant for compulsory rotating internship. Courses taught are -biochemistry, physiology, pharmacology, basic anatomy and microbiology. Candidates are exposed to dentistry and hands-on-practice in the final two semesters. This included the books that were published by graduates of the Media Ecology Program. Among my classmates’ books, Joshua Meyrowitz’s No Sense of Place (1985) has epigraphs by McLuhan and Erving Goffman. My Mind at Large: Knowing in the Technological Age (1988) is dedicated to McLuhan; my The Soft Edge: A Natural History and Future of the Information Revolution (1997) cites McLuhan as the first of four thinkers whose work made that book possible (the others are evolutionary epistemologist Donald T. Campbell, philosopher Karl Popper, and science fiction writer Isaac Asimov); My Digital McLuhan (1999) is—well, the title says it all. Clinical experiences and DPT programs do not stress imaging. You will take courses one the subject however its influence on practice is limited. X-ray is not helpful and many cases misleading. I feel the diagnostic ultrasound however could be a game changer from diagnosis to treatment.